The acne scars wound healing process is comprised of three overlapping phases: inflammation, proliferation, and maturation.
Acne scars with Elicina
During the inflammatory phase, blood vessels contract and red blood cells clot the wound while white blood cells swarm to the damaged area in an effort to clean up any contaminants and protect the site from infection.
Then, during the proliferate phase, both skin cells and connective tissue cells (fibroblasts) begin multiplying to repair the damage. The fibroblasts form a framework upon which the skin cells can migrate into and fill in the wound. It is the balance between the rate of replication of fibroblasts versus skin cells that is important here.
If the fibroblasts replicate too quickly, they can form a dense network that is not as easily penetrated by the skin cells and that results in a large scar. If the skin cells keep up with the fibroblasts, then little scar tissue is formed and the skin has a more normal appearance after the wound has healed. But sometimes the process does not yield new tissue and an eroded area is left over. Here is where Elicina plays an important role, because of the allantoin from the natural snail secretions that it contains in a bio-available form.
Allantoin has been termed a cell proliferant, or an epithelization stimulant, for it speeds up the formation of new cells and collagen cells.
During the maturation phase of a wound, also known as the remodeling phase, new collagen is formed to create a scar. Collagen is a fibrous protein which gives a new scar its characteristic bumpy look. With recovery, the collagen is broken down and the scar flattens and shrinks. Scar maturation left on its own usually takes at least a year. Elicina contains both collagen and elastin connective tissue cells and it triggers new collagen formation speeding up the scar maturation process.
Occurrence of Scars
The occurrence and incidence of scarring is still not well understood, however. There is considerable variation in scarring between one person and another, indicating that some people are more prone to scarring than others. Scarring frequently results from severe inflammatory nodule cystic acne that occurs deep in the skin. But, scarring also may arise from more superficial inflamed lesions.
Nodule or sometimes called an acne “cyst”: It is the most severe form of acne lesion. A nodule is a large, deep-seated, pus-filled, often painful lump. Acne with nodules often results in permanent scarring and requires treatment by a physician.
The life history of scars is also not well understood. Some people bear their acne scars for a lifetime with little change in the scars, but in other people the skin undergoes some degree of remodeling and acne scars diminish in size.
People also have differing feelings about acne scars. Scars of more or less the same size that may be psychologically distressing to one person may be accepted by another person as “not too bad.” The person who is distressed by scars is more likely to seek treatment to moderate or remove the scars.
Prevention of Acne Scars
As discussed in the previous section on Causes of Acne Scars, the occurrence of scarring is different in different people. Who will scar, how extensive or deep scars will be, and how long scars will persist is quite unpredictable. It is also difficult to predict how successfully scars can be prevented by effective acne treatment.
Nevertheless, the only sure method of preventing or limiting the extent of scars is to treat acne early in its course, and as long as necessary. The more the inflammation can be prevented or moderated, the more likely it is that scars can be prevented.
Acne development, in summary, is a situation where the sebaceous glands get plugged and the sebum that is normally produced is not able to flow out in its regular pattern around the hair follicle. The gland gets trapped and this oily material then ruptures out into the surrounding tissue causing the typical signs of acne i.e. white heads, pustules, and papules.
Those plugged follicles are also now a rich environment for the uncontrolled development of the germs which are normally on the skin surface and cause acne, the most noticeable being: Propionibacterium Acnes, which causes the redness around acne lesions.
Elicina contains glycolic acid which helps to unclog the skin follicles. It also has a natural antibiotic action that fights acne bacteria without causing any bacterial resistance. The glycolic acid in Elicina allows the skin repairing substances (allantoin, collagen and elastin), and the antibiotics to penetrate deeply into the skin follicles making it a most effective product for the treatment of mild, moderate and severe acne (the latter when used in conjunction with the intake of systemic antibiotics or retinoids and a proper diet to detoxify your skin as explained at: acne treatment ).